Geography

Geography
Area: 3.29 million sq. km. (1.27 million sq. mi.); about one-third the size of the U.S. Cities: Capital--New Delhi (pop. 12.8 million, 2001 census). Other major cities--Mumbai, formerly Bombay (16.4 million); Kolkata, formerly Calcutta (13.2 million); Chennai, formerly Madras (6.4 million); Bangalore (5.7 million); Hyderabad (5.5 million); Ahmedabad (5 million); Pune (4 million). Terrain: Varies from Himalayas to flat river valleys and deserts in the west. Climate: Alpine to temperate to subtropical monsoon.

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Indian(s).
Population (2010 est.): 1.17 billion; urban 29%.
Annual population growth rate: 1.376%.
Density: 324/sq. km.
Ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, others 3%. While the national census does not recognize racial or ethnic groups, it is estimated that there are more than 2,000 ethnic groups in India.
Religions (2001 census): Hindu 80.5%; Muslim 13.4%; Christian 2.3%; Sikh 1.9%; other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi within 1.8%; unspecified 0.1%.
Languages: Hindi, English, and 16 other official languages.
Education: Years compulsory--K-10. Literacy--61%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--49.13/1,000. Life expectancy--66.46 years (2009 est.).
Work force (est.): 467 million. Agriculture--52%; industry and commerce--14%; services and government--34%.

Economy
GDP (FY 2009 est.): $1.095 trillion.
Real growth rate (2009 est.): 6.5%.
Per capita GDP (PPP, FY 2008): $3,100.
Natural resources: Coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, chromite, thorium, limestone, barite, titanium ore, diamonds, crude oil.
Agriculture: 17% of GDP. Products--wheat, rice, coarse grains, oilseeds, sugar, cotton, jute, tea.
Industry: 28.2% of GDP. Products--textiles, jute, processed food, steel, machinery, transport equipment, cement, aluminum, fertilizers, mining, petroleum, chemicals, and computer software.
Services and transportation: 54.8% of GDP.
Trade: Exports (FY 2009 est.)--$164.3 billion; engineering goods, petroleum products, precious stones, cotton apparel and fabrics, gems and jewelry, handicrafts, tea. Services exports ($101.2 billion in 2008-2009) represent more than one-third of India's total exports. Software exports--$35.76 billion. Imports (FY 2009 est.)--$268.4 billion; petroleum, machinery and transport equipment, electronic goods, edible oils, fertilizers, chemicals, gold, textiles, iron and steel. Major trade partners--U.S., China, U.A.E., EU, Russia, Japan.

 

Government

Government
Type: Federal republic.
Independence: August 15, 1947.
Constitution: January 26, 1950.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime minister (head of government), Council of Ministers (cabinet). Legislative--bicameral parliament (Rajya Sabha or Council of States, and Lok Sabha or House of the People). Judicial--Supreme Court.
Political parties: Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India-Marxist, and numerous regional and small national parties.
Political subdivisions: 28 states,* 7 union territories (including National Capital Territory of Delhi).
Suffrage: Universal over 18.

 

 

India

India Threatens a New Weapon Against Pakistan: Water (Thu, 21 Feb 2019)
India vowed to reduce the amount of water flowing through its rivers to Pakistan, a threat it has made before but now seems more determined to carry out because of a militant attack.
>> Read more

Indian Professor Who Compared Modi to Hitler Is Waiting to Be Jailed (Wed, 20 Feb 2019)
Anand Teltumbde is one of several intellectuals accused of plotting against the government. Noam Chomsky, Cornel West and others have rallied to his defense.
>> Read more

Pakistan Offers to Investigate Deadly Suicide Bombing in Kashmir (Tue, 19 Feb 2019)
Prime Minister Imran Khan denied New Delhi’s claim that his country was involved in the attack, which killed dozens of Indian soldiers.
>> Read more

‘The Pirate Days Are Over’: Goa’s Nude Hippies Give Way to India’s Yuppies (Sun, 17 Feb 2019)
As newly middle-class Indians flock to Goa’s beaches, residents of the former countercultural enclave worry its laid-back, tolerant vibe will be disrupted by the visitors’ more conservative mores.
>> Read more

India Blames Pakistan for Attack in Kashmir, Promising a Response (Fri, 15 Feb 2019)
Prime Minister Narendra Modi vows “a befitting reply” to the suicide bombing, which killed dozens of Indian soldiers. Pakistan has denied involvement.
>> Read more

The #1 ranked page on major search engines for the keywords BRICS-MENASA and BRICSMENASA. These keywords are being used frequently by the financial markets as the Axis of Growth and as the Frontier markets. Promote your company here, to take advantage of the visibility. We believe in PPP, pay per performance. Our website does not generate pop-up ads based on your web-history, just companies that would like to do business in the US and BRICS-MENASA.

www.brics-menasa.com

At 4AMCORP, we take pride in providing a total solution ready to be implemented. We Question your Answers. Thus enabling you to make choices to direct your company to achieve goals. www.4amcorp.com

 

Print Print | Sitemap
Created by 4AM Corp