Geography

Geography
Area: 3.29 million sq. km. (1.27 million sq. mi.); about one-third the size of the U.S. Cities: Capital--New Delhi (pop. 12.8 million, 2001 census). Other major cities--Mumbai, formerly Bombay (16.4 million); Kolkata, formerly Calcutta (13.2 million); Chennai, formerly Madras (6.4 million); Bangalore (5.7 million); Hyderabad (5.5 million); Ahmedabad (5 million); Pune (4 million). Terrain: Varies from Himalayas to flat river valleys and deserts in the west. Climate: Alpine to temperate to subtropical monsoon.

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Indian(s).
Population (2010 est.): 1.17 billion; urban 29%.
Annual population growth rate: 1.376%.
Density: 324/sq. km.
Ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, others 3%. While the national census does not recognize racial or ethnic groups, it is estimated that there are more than 2,000 ethnic groups in India.
Religions (2001 census): Hindu 80.5%; Muslim 13.4%; Christian 2.3%; Sikh 1.9%; other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi within 1.8%; unspecified 0.1%.
Languages: Hindi, English, and 16 other official languages.
Education: Years compulsory--K-10. Literacy--61%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--49.13/1,000. Life expectancy--66.46 years (2009 est.).
Work force (est.): 467 million. Agriculture--52%; industry and commerce--14%; services and government--34%.

Economy
GDP (FY 2009 est.): $1.095 trillion.
Real growth rate (2009 est.): 6.5%.
Per capita GDP (PPP, FY 2008): $3,100.
Natural resources: Coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, chromite, thorium, limestone, barite, titanium ore, diamonds, crude oil.
Agriculture: 17% of GDP. Products--wheat, rice, coarse grains, oilseeds, sugar, cotton, jute, tea.
Industry: 28.2% of GDP. Products--textiles, jute, processed food, steel, machinery, transport equipment, cement, aluminum, fertilizers, mining, petroleum, chemicals, and computer software.
Services and transportation: 54.8% of GDP.
Trade: Exports (FY 2009 est.)--$164.3 billion; engineering goods, petroleum products, precious stones, cotton apparel and fabrics, gems and jewelry, handicrafts, tea. Services exports ($101.2 billion in 2008-2009) represent more than one-third of India's total exports. Software exports--$35.76 billion. Imports (FY 2009 est.)--$268.4 billion; petroleum, machinery and transport equipment, electronic goods, edible oils, fertilizers, chemicals, gold, textiles, iron and steel. Major trade partners--U.S., China, U.A.E., EU, Russia, Japan.

 

Government

Government
Type: Federal republic.
Independence: August 15, 1947.
Constitution: January 26, 1950.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime minister (head of government), Council of Ministers (cabinet). Legislative--bicameral parliament (Rajya Sabha or Council of States, and Lok Sabha or House of the People). Judicial--Supreme Court.
Political parties: Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India-Marxist, and numerous regional and small national parties.
Political subdivisions: 28 states,* 7 union territories (including National Capital Territory of Delhi).
Suffrage: Universal over 18.

 

 

India

As Militants Kill in Kashmir, People Are Afraid to Go to Work (Tue, 15 Oct 2019)
Separatists are waging violence against civilians in the Kashmir Valley, in a bid to bring the region to a halt.
>> Read more

Cell Service Returns to Kashmir, Allowing First Calls in Months (Mon, 14 Oct 2019)
After imposing a complete communications blackout two months ago, the Indian government on Monday partially restored cellphone service in the Kashmir Valley.
>> Read more

India Vows to Restore Mobile Service in Kashmir (Sat, 12 Oct 2019)
The Indian authorities said many cellphones would begin working on Monday in the disputed region after two months of a communications blackout.
>> Read more

They Run the World’s Biggest Countries. Their Talk Won’t Be Easy. (Fri, 11 Oct 2019)
As Narendra Modi of India and Xi Jinping of China meet, a host of potential conflicts are sharing the room with them.
>> Read more

This Is an Indian House, According to One Architect (Wed, 09 Oct 2019)
By turning his gaze backward, Bijoy Jain is creating a new architectural language that acknowledges his country’s precolonial past.
>> Read more

The #1 ranked page on major search engines for the keywords BRICS-MENASA and BRICSMENASA. These keywords are being used frequently by the financial markets as the Axis of Growth and as the Frontier markets. Promote your company here, to take advantage of the visibility. We believe in PPP, pay per performance. Our website does not generate pop-up ads based on your web-history, just companies that would like to do business in the US and BRICS-MENASA.

www.brics-menasa.com

At 4AMCORP, we take pride in providing a total solution ready to be implemented. We Question your Answers. Thus enabling you to make choices to direct your company to achieve goals. www.4amcorp.com

 

Print Print | Sitemap
Created by 4AM Corp