Geography

Area: 147, 570 sq. km. (55,813 sq. mi.); about the size of Iowa.
Cities: Capital--Dhaka (pop. 10 million). Other cities--Chittagong (2.8 million), Khulna (1.8 million), Rajshahi (1 million).Terrain: Mainly flat alluvial plain, with hills in the northeast and southeast. Climate: Semitropical, monsoonal.

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Bangladeshi(s).
Population (July 2009 CIA est.): 156 million.
Annual population growth rate (July 2009 CIA est.): 1.29%.
Ethnic groups (1998, CIA): Bengali 98%, other 2% (including tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims).
Religions (1998, CIA): Muslim 83%; Hindu 16%; Christian 0.3%, Buddhist 0.6%, others 0.3%.
Languages: Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English.
Education: Attendance--61%. Adult literacy rate--47.5%. (UNDP Human Development Index 2007/2008)
Health (CIA World Factbook): Infant mortality rate (below 1)--59/1,000. Life expectancy-- 60.25 years. 
Work force (70.86 million): Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries--63%; manufacturing--11%;mining and quarrying--0.2%.

Economy
Fiscal year: July 1 to June 30. 
Annual GDP growth rate (FY 2008): 6.2%; (FY 2008 World Bank est.): below 6%.
Current GDP (2008 est.): $84.2 billion (official); $226.4 billion (PPP).
Per capita GDP (2008 est.): $554 (official); $1,500 (PPP).
Inflation (December 2008): 6.03% (point to point basis) and 8.9% (monthly average basis).
Exchange rate: Dec. 2009: U.S. $1=69.03 BDT; 2008: U.S. $1=68.55 BDT; 2007: U.S. $1=69.89 BDT.
Annual budget (2008 est.): $12.54 billion.
Natural resources: Natural gas, fertile soil, water.
Agriculture (19.1% of GDP): Products--rice, jute, tea, sugar, wheat. 
Industry (manufacturing; 28.6% of GDP): Types--garments and knitwear, jute goods, frozen fish and seafood, textiles, fertilizer, sugar, tea, leather, ship-breaking for scrap, pharmaceuticals, ceramic tableware, newsprint.
Trade: Total imports (FY 2008)--$21.6 billion: capital goods, food grains, petroleum, textiles, chemicals, vegetable oils. Growth rate over previous fiscal year: 25.95%. Total exports (FY 2008)--$14.11 billion: garments and knitwear, frozen fish, jute and jute goods, leather and leather products, tea, urea fertilizer, ceramic tableware. Growth rate over previous fiscal year: 16.04%. Exports to U.S. (Jan.-Dec. 2008)--$3.74 billion. Imports from U.S. (Jan.-Dec. 2008)--$468.1 million. 

 

Government

Government
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: 1971 (from Pakistan).
Constitution: 1972; amended 1974, 1979, 1986, 1988, 1991, 1996, 2004.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime minister (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--unicameral Parliament (345 members). Judicial--civil court system based on British model.
Administrative subdivisions: Divisions, districts, subdistricts, unions, villages.
Political parties: 30-40 active political parties. Largest ones include Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), the Awami League (AL), the Jatiya Party, and the Jamaat-e-Islami Party.
Suffrage: Universal at age 18.

 

 

Bangladesh

Bangladesh Sentences 7 to Death Over 2016 Bakery Attack (Wed, 27 Nov 2019)
The militants were found guilty in violence that killed two dozen people at an upscale bakery, one of the worst such attacks in the country.
>> Read more

Trains Collide in Bangladesh, Killing at Least 16 (Mon, 11 Nov 2019)
Oncoming trains smashed into each other in eastern Bangladesh early Tuesday after one conductor ignored a stop signal, officials said. Dozens were injured.
>> Read more

Myanmar Genocide Lawsuit Is Filed at United Nations Court (Mon, 11 Nov 2019)
Gambia, on behalf of Rohingya Muslims, opens an international dispute with Myanmar in an effort to have the country’s leadership tried for genocide.
>> Read more

Bangladesh Sentences 16 to Death for Young Woman’s Burning (Thu, 24 Oct 2019)
After Nusrat Jahan Rafi accused a teacher of touching her, she was murdered in a case that shook the country.
>> Read more

India Isn’t Letting a Single Onion Leave the Country (Tue, 01 Oct 2019)
India’s government bans the export of onions in order to lower rising domestic prices, causing great pain to neighboring countries.
>> Read more

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