Geography

Geography
Area: 1,001,450 sq. km. (386,000 sq. mi.); approximately equal to Texas and New Mexico combined. Cities: Capital--Cairo (pop. estimated at 16 million). Other cities--Alexandria (6 million), Aswan, Asyut, Port Said, Suez, Ismailia.Terrain: Desert plateau, except Nile valley and delta. Climate: Dry, hot summers; moderate winters.

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Egyptian(s).
Population (July 2011 est.): 82,079,636.
Annual population growth rate (2011 est.): 1.96%.
Ethnic groups (2006 census): Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4%.
Religions: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic Christian 9%, other Christian 1%.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, French.
Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-15. Literacy--total adult 71.4%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2011 est.)--25.2 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2011 est.)--72.66 years.

Economy
GDP (OER) (FY 2010 est.): $218.5 billion.
GDP (PPP) (FY 2010 est.): $497.8 billion.
Annual growth rate (Projected FY 2011 est.): 1.2%.
Per capita GDP (PPP, FY 2010 est.): $6,200.
Natural resources: Petroleum and natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc.
Agriculture: Products--cotton, rice, onions, beans, citrus fruits, wheat, corn, barley, sugar.
Industry: Types--food processing, textiles, tourism, chemicals, petrochemicals, construction, light manufacturing, iron and steel products, aluminum, cement, military equipment.
Trade (FY 2010): Exports--$25.34 billion: petroleum, clothing and textiles, cotton, fruits and vegetables, manufactured goods. Major markets--EU, U.S., Middle East. Imports--$51.54 billion: machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, livestock, food and beverages, paper and wood products, chemicals. Major suppliers--EU, U.S., China.

 

 

Government

Government
Type: Republic.
Independence: 1922.
Constitution: Egypt is operating under a constitutional decree from March 2011. A new constitution is set to be drafted in 2012.
Branches: Executive—President (The Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces has held presidential authority since February 2011 and is slated to hand over that function to a new president once presidential elections are held, likely by June 30, 2012), Prime Minister, Cabinet. Legislative--People's Assembly (498 elected members and up to 10 presidentially appointed), and Shura (consultative) Council (180 elected members, and 90 presidentially appointed). The two houses of Egypt’s parliament—the People’s Assembly and the Shura Council—were dissolved in February 2011, but will be seated again in 2012 after elections are completed for each house.
Administrative subdivisions: 27 governorates.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
 

 

 

Egypt

Egypt Approves New Muscle for el-Sisi, Its Strongman Leader (Tue, 23 Apr 2019)
Voters approve constitutional amendments giving President el-Sisi new powers, reversing gains of the Arab Spring and allowing him to rule until 2030.
>> Read more

In Egypt Referendum, Only the Turnout Seems in Doubt (Sat, 20 Apr 2019)
The country began three days of voting on constitutional amendments that will effectively extend President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi’s hold on power until 2030.
>> Read more

El-Sisi Could Stay in Power Until 2030 Under Egypt Plan (Tue, 16 Apr 2019)
The vote was seen by critics as another step back to authoritarianism, eight years after a pro-democracy uprising ended Hosni Mubarak’s three-decade rule.
>> Read more

Arab Exiles Sound Off Freely in Istanbul Even as Turkey Muffles Its Own Critics (Sun, 14 Apr 2019)
Istanbul has become the hub for dissidents from around the Arab world, who broadcast opposing views back into their homelands. At the same time, many local Turkish journalists remain jailed.
>> Read more

At Egypt’s Tourism Gems, Animal Abuse Is an Ugly Flaw (Sat, 13 Apr 2019)
The rampant mistreatment of horses, camels and donkeys at major attractions like the pyramids of Giza has prompted calls for visitors to boycott rides.
>> Read more

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