Geography

Geography
Area: 1,001,450 sq. km. (386,000 sq. mi.); approximately equal to Texas and New Mexico combined. Cities: Capital--Cairo (pop. estimated at 16 million). Other cities--Alexandria (6 million), Aswan, Asyut, Port Said, Suez, Ismailia.Terrain: Desert plateau, except Nile valley and delta. Climate: Dry, hot summers; moderate winters.

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Egyptian(s).
Population (July 2011 est.): 82,079,636.
Annual population growth rate (2011 est.): 1.96%.
Ethnic groups (2006 census): Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4%.
Religions: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic Christian 9%, other Christian 1%.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, French.
Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-15. Literacy--total adult 71.4%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2011 est.)--25.2 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2011 est.)--72.66 years.

Economy
GDP (OER) (FY 2010 est.): $218.5 billion.
GDP (PPP) (FY 2010 est.): $497.8 billion.
Annual growth rate (Projected FY 2011 est.): 1.2%.
Per capita GDP (PPP, FY 2010 est.): $6,200.
Natural resources: Petroleum and natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc.
Agriculture: Products--cotton, rice, onions, beans, citrus fruits, wheat, corn, barley, sugar.
Industry: Types--food processing, textiles, tourism, chemicals, petrochemicals, construction, light manufacturing, iron and steel products, aluminum, cement, military equipment.
Trade (FY 2010): Exports--$25.34 billion: petroleum, clothing and textiles, cotton, fruits and vegetables, manufactured goods. Major markets--EU, U.S., Middle East. Imports--$51.54 billion: machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, livestock, food and beverages, paper and wood products, chemicals. Major suppliers--EU, U.S., China.

 

 

Government

Government
Type: Republic.
Independence: 1922.
Constitution: Egypt is operating under a constitutional decree from March 2011. A new constitution is set to be drafted in 2012.
Branches: Executive—President (The Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces has held presidential authority since February 2011 and is slated to hand over that function to a new president once presidential elections are held, likely by June 30, 2012), Prime Minister, Cabinet. Legislative--People's Assembly (498 elected members and up to 10 presidentially appointed), and Shura (consultative) Council (180 elected members, and 90 presidentially appointed). The two houses of Egypt’s parliament—the People’s Assembly and the Shura Council—were dissolved in February 2011, but will be seated again in 2012 after elections are completed for each house.
Administrative subdivisions: 27 governorates.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
 

 

 

Egypt

Egypt Executes 9 Convicted of Assassinating Top Prosecutor (Wed, 20 Feb 2019)
Hisham Barakat died in a bombing, the first senior official killed in the country in a quarter-century. Rights groups said confessions were obtained after torture.
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Egypt Turns Back Veteran New York Times Reporter (Tue, 19 Feb 2019)
David D. Kirkpatrick was detained at Cairo airport and sent back to London in an escalation of a news media crackdown under President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.
>> Read more

El-Sisi May Rule Egypt Until 2034 Under Parliamentary Plan (Thu, 14 Feb 2019)
Lawmakers approved measures that would allow the president to stay in power for an additional 12 years, enshrining the military’s dominance in politics.
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Egypt Unveils Dozens of Newly Discovered Mummies (Mon, 04 Feb 2019)
Archaeologists uncovered the tomb of an elite middle-class family, 40 men, women and children who lived in the Ptolemaic era.
>> Read more

Egypt Unveils Newly Discovered Mummies (Mon, 04 Feb 2019)
Archaeologists in Egypt uncovered a tomb that consisted of a number of chambers that dated from 323 B.C. to 30 B.C. that were accessible through a corridor and sloping set of stairs.
>> Read more

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