Geography

Geography
Area: 527,970 sq. km. (203,796 sq. mi.); about the size of California and Pennsylvania combined. Cities: Capital--Sanaa. Other cities--Aden, Taiz, Hodeida, and al-Mukalla. Terrain: Mountainous interior bordered by desert with a flat and sandy coastal plain. Climate: Temperate in the mountainous regions in the western part of the country, extremely hot with minimal rainfall in the remainder of the country. Humid on the coast.

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Yemeni(s).
Population (April 2011 est.): 25,130,000.
Annual population growth rate: 3%.
Ethnic group: Predominantly Arab.
Religions: Islam including Shaf’i (Sunni), Zaydi (Shia), and a small but growing number of Salafi (Sunni). Additionally, there are a small number of Jews, Christians, and Hindus.
Language: Arabic.
Education: Attendance (2008 est.)--85% for boys at the primary level and 62% for girls. Attendance was 49% for boys at the secondary level and 26% for girls (2005 est.). Literacy(2009 est.)--62% overall, including 80% of males, 45% of females.
Health: Infant mortality rate--53/1,000 live births (2008 est.). Life expectancy--64 years (2008 est.).
Work force (by sector): Agriculture--53%; public services--17%; manufacturing--4%;construction--7%; percentage of total population--25%.

Economy
GDP (2010 est.) $31.273 billion.
Per capita GDP (2010 est.): $1,281.
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, fish and seafood, rock salt, minor deposits of coal and copper.
Agriculture (est. 8.2% of GDP): Products--qat (a shrub containing a natural amphetamine), coffee, cotton, fruits, vegetables, cereals, livestock and poultry. Arable land (est.)--3%.
Industry (est. 38.8% of GDP): Types--petroleum refining, mining, wholesale and retail trade, transportation, manufacturing, and construction.
Services (est. 53% of GDP).
Trade: Exports (2010)--$7.5 billion: crude petroleum, liquefied natural gas, refined oil products, seafood, fruits, vegetables, hides, tobacco products. Major markets--China, India, Thailand, South Africa, South Korea, United States, Switzerland. Imports (2010)--$9.2 billion: petroleum products, cereals, feed grains, foodstuffs, machinery, transportation equipment, iron, sugar, honey. Major suppliers--United Arab Emirates, China, Saudi Arabia, India, Switzerland, Kuwait.
Exchange rate (2011): Official rate 214 rials per U.S. $1. However, as of May 2011, black market exchange rates reached as high as 250 rials per U.S. $1. While the Yemeni rial (YR) usually floats freely based on an average of foreign currencies, in 2010, the Central Bank of Yemen (CBY) initiated a program of monetary interference in the exchange rate utilizing foreign currency reserves and restricted the export of currencies by money exchangers in an attempt to stabilize a rapidly depreciating rial. Due to the CBY’s efforts, the riyal’s official exchange rate has stabilized against the dollar over the past year. However, over that period, exchange rates at money exchangers have fluctuated between 10-20% higher than the official rate due to changes in the public’s overall confidence in Yemen’s political and economic stability.

Government

Government
Type: Republic; unification (of former south and north Yemen): May 22, 1990.
Constitution: Adopted May 21, 1990 and ratified May 1991.
Branches: Executive--president, and prime minister with cabinet. Legislative--bicameral legislature with 111-seat Shura Council and 301-seat House of Representatives. Judicial--the constitution calls for an independent judiciary. The former northern and southern legal codes have been unified. The legal system includes separate commercial courts and a Supreme Court based in Sanaa.
Administrative subdivisions: 22 governorates subdivided into districts.
Main political parties: General People's Congress (GPC), Islah Party, Yemeni Socialist Party (YSP).
Suffrage: Universal over 18.
National holiday: May 22 (Unity Day).

 

 

Yemen

So, I Asked People in Saudi Arabia About Their Mad, Murderous Crown Prince (Sat, 15 Dec 2018)
The U.S. has leverage over Riyadh. Let’s use it.
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Just 2 of More Than 480 Yemenis Receive Refugee Status in South Korea (Fri, 14 Dec 2018)
The sudden arrival of asylum seekers fleeing war in their homeland set off a wave of anti-immigrant sentiment in South Korea.
>> Read more

U.S. Bills Saudis and Emiratis $331 Million for Refueling Warplanes in Yemen (Thu, 13 Dec 2018)
The Pentagon is correcting an accounting error that left American taxpayers footing the bill for a chunk of the Saudi-led campaign.
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‘A Few More Weapons Purchases Cannot Buy Our Silence,’ Senator Says in Rebuke of Saudi Arabia (Thu, 13 Dec 2018)
Senator Robert Menendez, Democrat of New Jersey, joined a bipartisan group of senators in voting to withdraw military aid to Saudi Arabia for its war in Yemen. The move comes amid the mounting criticism against the Trump administration for its defense of the kingdom since the killing of the Saudi dissident Jamal Khashoggi.
>> Read more

Senate Votes to End Aid for Yemen Fight Over Khashoggi Killing and Saudis’ War Aims (Thu, 13 Dec 2018)
In a second show of bipartisan defiance against President Trump, the Senate also approved a resolution to hold Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman personally responsible for Jamal Khashoggi’s death.
>> Read more

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