Geography

Geography
Area: 82,880 sq. km. (30,000 sq. mi.); about the size of Maine.
Major cities: Capital--Abu Dhabi; Dubai. Terrain: Largely desert with some agricultural areas. Climate: Hot, humid, low annual rainfall.

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--U.A.E., Emirati.
Population (2009 est., U.A.E. Government): 8.9 million.
Ethnic groups (U.A.E. Government): Indian (1.75 million); Pakistani (1.25 million); Bangladeshi (500,000); other Asian (1 million); European and African (500,000); and Emirati (890,000).
Religions: Muslim (96%), Hindu, Christian.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali.
Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-12. Literacy--90% for Emirati citizens.
Health: Life expectancy--78.3 yrs.
Work force (2008, World Bank): Total--2.8 million. Agriculture--5%; industry--60%; services--35% (rounded). Female participation rate--41.8%.

Economy
GDP (2009): 914.3 billion AED (approx. U.S. $248 billion).
Annual growth rate (2007): 6.3%.
Per capita GDP (2008): over U.S. $53,400.
Natural resources: Oil and natural gas.
Petroleum (2008 est.): 36.8% of GDP.
Mining, manufacturing, and construction, of which manufacturing was 12.2% of GDP in 2008 (est.).
Services: 56.1% of 2009 GDP.
Trade (2006 est.): Exports--$157 billion: petroleum, gas, and petroleum products. Major markets--Japan, South Korea, Thailand, India. Imports--$126.6 billion: machinery, chemicals, food. Major suppliers--Western Europe, Japan, U.S., China, India.
Foreign economic aid (2009): 8.9 billion AED (approx. U.S. $2.4 billion)

*Facts and Data Courtesy US Government.

 

 

Government

Government
Type: Federation with specified powers reserved for the U.A.E. federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates.
Independence: December 2, 1971.
Provisional constitution: December 2, 1971.
Branches: Executive--7-member Supreme Council of Rulers (comprising the hereditary rulers of each Emirate), which elects president and vice president; prime minister is selected by president. Legislative--40-member Federal National Council (consultative only). Judicial--Islamic and secular courts.
Administrative subdivisions: Seven largely self-governing emirates.
Political parties: None.
Suffrage: State-nominated electors chose half of the Federal National Council members in 2006 and 2011. The other half were directly appointed by the leadership of each Emirate.
Federal government budget (2011): 41 billion AED (United Arab Emirates dirhams), or approx. U.S. $11 billion.move, copy or delete it.

 

 

United Arab Emirates

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The Persian Gulf country has an ambitious, budding space program.
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Trump Focuses on Defending Saudis, Not Striking Iran, for Now (Fri, 20 Sep 2019)
The administration is not ruling out military strikes. But for now, President Trump is content to remain within the parameters of defense, not offense.
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‘We’re at War’: A Covert Social Media Campaign Boosts Military Rulers (Fri, 06 Sep 2019)
After protesters were killed in Sudan, an obscure Egyptian company ramped up a covert influence operation that spanned the Middle East and North Africa.
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Ally Attacks Ally in Yemen’s War Within a War (Thu, 29 Aug 2019)
The United Arab Emirates is accused of bombing Saudi-backed forces in Yemen, even though Saudi Arabia and the U.A.E. are allies there.
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American Military Drone Shot Down Over Yemen (Wed, 21 Aug 2019)
Iranian-backed Houthi forces claimed credit for the downing of the drone, an MQ-9 Reaper.
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