Geography

Geography
Area: 82,880 sq. km. (30,000 sq. mi.); about the size of Maine.
Major cities: Capital--Abu Dhabi; Dubai. Terrain: Largely desert with some agricultural areas. Climate: Hot, humid, low annual rainfall.

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--U.A.E., Emirati.
Population (2009 est., U.A.E. Government): 8.9 million.
Ethnic groups (U.A.E. Government): Indian (1.75 million); Pakistani (1.25 million); Bangladeshi (500,000); other Asian (1 million); European and African (500,000); and Emirati (890,000).
Religions: Muslim (96%), Hindu, Christian.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali.
Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-12. Literacy--90% for Emirati citizens.
Health: Life expectancy--78.3 yrs.
Work force (2008, World Bank): Total--2.8 million. Agriculture--5%; industry--60%; services--35% (rounded). Female participation rate--41.8%.

Economy
GDP (2009): 914.3 billion AED (approx. U.S. $248 billion).
Annual growth rate (2007): 6.3%.
Per capita GDP (2008): over U.S. $53,400.
Natural resources: Oil and natural gas.
Petroleum (2008 est.): 36.8% of GDP.
Mining, manufacturing, and construction, of which manufacturing was 12.2% of GDP in 2008 (est.).
Services: 56.1% of 2009 GDP.
Trade (2006 est.): Exports--$157 billion: petroleum, gas, and petroleum products. Major markets--Japan, South Korea, Thailand, India. Imports--$126.6 billion: machinery, chemicals, food. Major suppliers--Western Europe, Japan, U.S., China, India.
Foreign economic aid (2009): 8.9 billion AED (approx. U.S. $2.4 billion)

*Facts and Data Courtesy US Government.

 

 

Government

Government
Type: Federation with specified powers reserved for the U.A.E. federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates.
Independence: December 2, 1971.
Provisional constitution: December 2, 1971.
Branches: Executive--7-member Supreme Council of Rulers (comprising the hereditary rulers of each Emirate), which elects president and vice president; prime minister is selected by president. Legislative--40-member Federal National Council (consultative only). Judicial--Islamic and secular courts.
Administrative subdivisions: Seven largely self-governing emirates.
Political parties: None.
Suffrage: State-nominated electors chose half of the Federal National Council members in 2006 and 2011. The other half were directly appointed by the leadership of each Emirate.
Federal government budget (2011): 41 billion AED (United Arab Emirates dirhams), or approx. U.S. $11 billion.move, copy or delete it.

 

 

United Arab Emirates

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