Geography

Geography
Area: 82,880 sq. km. (30,000 sq. mi.); about the size of Maine.
Major cities: Capital--Abu Dhabi; Dubai. Terrain: Largely desert with some agricultural areas. Climate: Hot, humid, low annual rainfall.

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--U.A.E., Emirati.
Population (2009 est., U.A.E. Government): 8.9 million.
Ethnic groups (U.A.E. Government): Indian (1.75 million); Pakistani (1.25 million); Bangladeshi (500,000); other Asian (1 million); European and African (500,000); and Emirati (890,000).
Religions: Muslim (96%), Hindu, Christian.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali.
Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-12. Literacy--90% for Emirati citizens.
Health: Life expectancy--78.3 yrs.
Work force (2008, World Bank): Total--2.8 million. Agriculture--5%; industry--60%; services--35% (rounded). Female participation rate--41.8%.

Economy
GDP (2009): 914.3 billion AED (approx. U.S. $248 billion).
Annual growth rate (2007): 6.3%.
Per capita GDP (2008): over U.S. $53,400.
Natural resources: Oil and natural gas.
Petroleum (2008 est.): 36.8% of GDP.
Mining, manufacturing, and construction, of which manufacturing was 12.2% of GDP in 2008 (est.).
Services: 56.1% of 2009 GDP.
Trade (2006 est.): Exports--$157 billion: petroleum, gas, and petroleum products. Major markets--Japan, South Korea, Thailand, India. Imports--$126.6 billion: machinery, chemicals, food. Major suppliers--Western Europe, Japan, U.S., China, India.
Foreign economic aid (2009): 8.9 billion AED (approx. U.S. $2.4 billion)

*Facts and Data Courtesy US Government.

 

 

Government

Government
Type: Federation with specified powers reserved for the U.A.E. federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates.
Independence: December 2, 1971.
Provisional constitution: December 2, 1971.
Branches: Executive--7-member Supreme Council of Rulers (comprising the hereditary rulers of each Emirate), which elects president and vice president; prime minister is selected by president. Legislative--40-member Federal National Council (consultative only). Judicial--Islamic and secular courts.
Administrative subdivisions: Seven largely self-governing emirates.
Political parties: None.
Suffrage: State-nominated electors chose half of the Federal National Council members in 2006 and 2011. The other half were directly appointed by the leadership of each Emirate.
Federal government budget (2011): 41 billion AED (United Arab Emirates dirhams), or approx. U.S. $11 billion.move, copy or delete it.

 

 

United Arab Emirates

U.A.E. Becomes First Arab Nation to Open a Nuclear Power Plant (Sat, 01 Aug 2020)
The launch is raising concerns about the growing number of nuclear programs in the volatile Middle East.
>> Read more

China’s Mars Mission, Tianwen-1, Begins Its Monthslong Journey (Wed, 22 Jul 2020)
The combined orbiter, lander and rover will reach the red planet in February, if all goes well. NASA plans a Mars launch of its own next week.
>> Read more

Rocket Launches From Japan: Next Stop, Mars (Mon, 20 Jul 2020)
Built by the United Arab Emirates, and lifting off from Tanegashima Space Center in Japan, the Emirates Mars Mission is the first of three missions headed to the red planet this summer.
>> Read more

U.A.E. Mars Mission Is Ready for Launch (Sun, 19 Jul 2020)
The United Arab Emirates mission, known as Hope, is an orbiter spacecraft that was brought to the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan, where it is scheduled for liftoff Sunday afternoon.
>> Read more

Mars Mission From United Arab Emirates Embarks on 7-Month Journey (Sun, 19 Jul 2020)
Lifting off from Tanegashima Space Center in Japan, it is the first of three missions headed to the red planet this summer.
>> Read more

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