Geography

Geography
Area: 185,170 sq. km. (71,504 sq. mi.), including 1,295 sq. km. of Israeli-occupied territory; about the size of North Dakota. Cities: Capital--Damascus (1.7 million). Other cities--Metropolitan Damascus (excluding city) (2.7 million), Aleppo (4.6 million), Homs (1.7 million), Hama (1.5 million), Idleb (1.4 million), al-Hasakeh (1.4 million), Dayr al-Zur (1.1 million), Latakia (1 million), Dar'a (1 million), al-Raqqa (900,000), and Tartus (800,000). Terrain: Narrow coastal plain with a double mountain belt in the west; large, semiarid and desert plateau to the east. Climate: Mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast.

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Syrian(s).
Population (2009 est.)*: 21 million.
Population growth rate (2009 est.): 2.37%.
Major ethnic groups: Arabs (90%), Kurds (9%), Armenians, Circassians, Turkomans.
Religions: Sunni Muslims (74%), Alawis (12%), Christians (10%), Druze (3%), and small numbers of other Muslim sects, Jews, and Yazidis.
Languages: Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood, French, English somewhat understood, principally in major cities.
Education (2008 est.): Years compulsory--primary, 6 yrs. Attendance--97.9%. Literacy--90.8%, illiteracy--9.2%.
Health (2009 est.): Infant mortality rate--17/1,000. Life expectancy--69.8 yrs. male, 72.68 yrs. female.
Work force (5.5 million, 2008 est.): Services (including government) 26%, agriculture 19%, industry 14%, commerce 16%, construction 15%, transportation 7%, and finance 3%.
Unemployment (2008 est.): 9.8%.

Economy
GDP*: $59.4 billion.
Real growth rate*: 5.0%.
Per capita GDP*: $2,664.
Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower.
Agriculture: Products--wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets, and other fruits and vegetables; beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, and other dairy products. Arable land--33%.
Industry: Types--petroleum, textiles, pharmaceuticals, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seed extraction, and car assembly.
Trade: Exports (2008 est.)--$13.6 billion: crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat. Major markets(2007)--Italy 22%, France 11%, Saudi Arabia 10%, Iraq 5%, Egypt 4%, Jordan 4%. Imports(2008 est.)--$17.2 billion f.o.b.: machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, and paper. Major suppliers (2007)--Russia 10%, China 8%, Saudi Arabia 6%, Ukraine 6%, South Korea 5%, Turkey 4%.

*according to International Monetary Fund (IMF) statistics

 

 

Government

Government

Currently under the Martial law or lack thereof under President Assad and now partly influenced by ISIL.

Before the unrest the Government was:
Type: Republic, under authoritarian military-dominated Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party regimes since March 1963.
Independence: April 17, 1946.
Constitution: March 13, 1973. Since 1963, Syria has been under Emergency Law, which effectively suspends most constitutional protections.
Branches: Executive--president, two vice presidents, prime minister, Council of Ministers (cabinet). Legislative--unicameral People's Council. Judicial--Supreme Judicial Council, Supreme Constitutional Court, Court of Cassation, Appeals Courts, Economic Security Courts, Supreme State Security Court, Personal Status and local levels courts.
Administrative subdivisions: 14 provinces
Political parties: The National Progressive Front, an umbrella organization for several parties permitted by the government including the Arab Socialist Renaissance (Ba'ath) Party; Socialist Unionist Democratic Party; Syrian Arab Socialist Union or ASU, Syrian Communist Party (two branches); Syrian Social Nationalist Party; Unionist Socialist Party; and other parties not legally recognized but quasi-tolerated, generally considered opposition-oriented but enfeebled and reluctant to challenge the government. There are also several illegal Kurdish parties.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.

 

 

Syria

Terrorists Turn to Bitcoin for Funding, and They’re Learning Fast (Sun, 18 Aug 2019)
The authorities have begun to raise alarms about a steady uptick in the number of militant groups using the hard-to-trace digital currency.
>> Read more

For ISIS Children, Returning Home to Europe Meets Resistance (Thu, 15 Aug 2019)
The children with the best chance of repatriation have been orphans. Even in countries officially committed to the task, it’s slow going.
>> Read more

A Canadian Citizen Held in Syrian Prisons is Set Free (Fri, 09 Aug 2019)
Lebanese security officials helped negotiate the release of Kristian Lee Baxter, who had traveled to Syria last year in search of adventure.
>> Read more

U.N. Sounds Alarm Over Killings in Idlib as Syria Cease-Fire Collapses (Fri, 09 Aug 2019)
A cease-fire agreement signed in Kazakhstan had produced a flicker of hope. But it lasted all of three days, with air force jets hitting targets in the province on Friday.
>> Read more

ISIS, Eyeing Europe, Could Launch Attacks This Year, U.N. Warns (Sat, 03 Aug 2019)
Less than five months after its military defeat in Syria, the group is considering attacks designed to “exacerbate existing dissent and unrest” in European nations.
>> Read more

The #1 ranked page on major search engines for the keywords BRICS-MENASA and BRICSMENASA. These keywords are being used frequently by the financial markets as the Axis of Growth and as the Frontier markets. Promote your company here, to take advantage of the visibility. We believe in PPP, pay per performance. Our website does not generate pop-up ads based on your web-history, just companies that would like to do business in the US and BRICS-MENASA.

www.brics-menasa.com

At 4AMCORP, we take pride in providing a total solution ready to be implemented. We Question your Answers. Thus enabling you to make choices to direct your company to achieve goals. www.4amcorp.com

 

Print Print | Sitemap
Created by 4AM Corp