Geography

eography
Area: 2,149,690 sq. km. (829,995 sq. mi.), slightly more than one-fifth the size of the continental United States. Cities (2009 est.): Capital--Riyadh (pop. 4.7 million). Other cities--Jeddah (3.2 million), Makkah, (1.5 million), Dammam/Khobar/Dhahran, (1.6 million). Terrain: Primarily desert with rugged mountains in the southwest. Climate: Arid, with great extremes of temperature in the interior; humidity and temperature are both high along the coast.

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun--Saudi(s). Adjective--Saudi Arabian or Saudi.
Population (July 2011 est.): 26.1 million (20.5 million Saudis, 5.6 million foreign nationals).
Annual population growth rate (2011 est.): 1.536%.
Ethnic groups: Arab (90% of native pop.), Afro-Asian (10% of native pop.).
Religion: Islam.
Language: Arabic (official).
Education: Literacy--total 78.8% (male 84.7%, female 70.8%).
Health: Infant mortality rate (2011 est.)--16.16 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--male 72 years, female 76 years.
Work force: 7.3 million, about 80% foreign workers (2010 est.); industry--21.4%; services(including government)--71.9%; agriculture--6.7%.

Economy
GDP (2010 est.): $622 billion.
Annual growth rate (2010 est.): 3.7%.
Per capita GDP (2010): $24,200.
Natural resources: Hydrocarbons, gold, uranium, bauxite, coal, iron, phosphate, tungsten, zinc, silver, copper.
Agriculture: Products--dates, grains, livestock, vegetables. Arable land--1.76%.
Industry: Types--petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, fertilizer, light industry.
Trade (2010 est.): Exports--$238 billion: petroleum and petroleum products. Imports--$88 billion: manufactured goods, transportation equipment, clothing and textiles, processed food products. Major trading partners--China, France, Germany, India, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, U.K., U.S.

 

 

Government

Government
Type: Monarchy with Council of Ministers and Consultative (or Shura) Council.
Unification: September 23, 1932.
Constitution: The Holy Qur'an (governed according to Islamic Law), Shari'a, and the Basic Law.
Branches: Executive--King (chief of state and head of government; rules under the title Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques). Legislative--a Consultative (or Shura) Council with advisory powers was formed September 1993. Judicial--Supreme Court, Supreme Judicial Council, Islamic Courts of First Instance and Appeals.
Administrative divisions: 13 provinces.
Political parties: None; formal political parties are not recognized by the government and have no legal status.

 

 

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia Executes 37 in One Day for Terrorism (Tue, 23 Apr 2019)
The men were put to death for extremist activities, the state-run news agency said, but rights groups questioned the fairness of their trials.
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U.S. Moves to Stop All Nations From Buying Iranian Oil, but China Is Defiant (Mon, 22 Apr 2019)
Oil prices rose to their highest levels since October in anticipation of Monday’s announcement by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. Trump administration officials had debated the move.
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U.S. to Clamp Down on Iranian Oil Sales, Risking Rise in Gasoline Prices (Sun, 21 Apr 2019)
The Trump administration plans to end oil purchase waivers to five nations, notably China and India, although some officials had warned the move could hinder other priorities.
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DealBook Briefing: Business Heads Back to Saudi Arabia (Thu, 18 Apr 2019)
Six months on from the Jamal Khashoggi tragedy, the international business community is revving up its work with the Arab kingdom.
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Business Quietly Returns to Saudi Arabia After Khashoggi’s Murder (Wed, 17 Apr 2019)
Six months after agents from Saudi Arabia dismembered the writer Jamal Khashoggi, investors are no longer shying away from doing business with the kingdom.
>> Read more

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