Geography

Geography
Area: 11,437 sq. km. (4,427 sq. mi.); about the size of Connecticut and Rhode Island combined.

Cities: Capital--Doha 1,100,000 (2010 est.). Other cities--Messaieed, Al-Khor, Dukhan, Ruwais. Terrain: Mostly desert, flat, rocky, barren. Climate: Hot and humid in summer, with a mild winter.

 

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Qatari(s).
Population (May 2010 est.): 1,725,000; males 1,292,025 (74.9%); females 432,975 (25.1%).
Population growth rate (May 2010 est.): 9.6%.
Ethnic groups: Qatari (Arab) 15%; other Arab 13%; Indian 24%; Nepali 16%; Filipino 11%; Sri Lankan 5%; Bangladesh: 5%; Pakistani 4%; other: 7%.
Religion: Islam (state religion, claimed by virtually all of the indigenous population).
Languages: Arabic (official); English (widely spoken).
Education: Compulsory--ages 6-16. Attendance--98%. 

Literacy (2004 est.)--89% total population, 89.1% male, 88.6% female.
Health (2008 est.): Infant mortality rate--17.46/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--74.14 years.
Work force (2011): 1,280,000. Private sector84.9%; mixed sector—9.3%; government--5.8%.

Economy
GDP (2010 est.): $129 billion.
Real growth rate (2010 est.): 17%.
Per capita income (2010): $138,000.
Natural resources: Natural gas, petroleum, fish.
Agriculture: Accounts for less than 2% of GDP. Products--fruits and vegetables (most food is imported).
Industry: Types--oil production and refining and natural gas development (56% of GDP), mining, manufacturing, construction, and power.
Trade (2010 est.): Exports--$72 billion, principally gas and derivatives 43% and petroleum 37%. Partners (2005)-- Japan 30.3%, South Korea 13.1%, India 8%, Singapore 7.7%, UK 4.2% Imports--$21 billion, principally consumer goods, machinery, food. Partners (2010)-- US 15.5%, Germany 9%, UAE 7.3%, South Korea 6.5%, UK 6.1%, Japan 5.6%, Saudi Arabia 5.4%, Italy 5.3%, France 4.5%, China 4.2% (2010)

 

 

Government

Government
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Independence: September 3, 1971.
Constitution: Approved by popular vote 2003; came into force June 2005.
Branches: Executive--Council of Ministers. Legislative--Advisory Council (currently appointed pending elections in 2013; has assumed only limited responsibility to date).Judicial--independent.
Subdivisions: Fully centralized government; seven municipalities.
Political parties: None.
Suffrage: Universal over age 18, since 1999.

 

 

Qatar

In Qatar, Track and Field’s Championships Limp to the Finish (Sat, 05 Oct 2019)
Overwhelming heat and underwhelming crowds have created a memorable world championships, but not for the right reasons.
>> Read more

Dalilah Muhammad Breaks Her Own World Record in the 400-Meter Hurdles (Fri, 04 Oct 2019)
With her performance at the world track and field championships, Muhammad, a 29-year-old American, bested a record she set in July.
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Dalilah Muhammad Wants More Than World Records (Tue, 01 Oct 2019)
She broke the world record in the 400-meter hurdles, which had stood for 16 years. Then she felt empty and unsure of what to do next. Answer: Doha.
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Christian Coleman Wins Track Gold Amid Doping Test Controversy (Sat, 28 Sep 2019)
Coleman, a 23-year-old American, placed first in the men’s 100-meter world championship race after missing three doping tests in 12 months.
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A Marathon at Midnight, to Beat the Heat at the World Championships in Doha (Sat, 28 Sep 2019)
Most of the athletes at the track and field world championships in Qatar are competing in an air-conditioned stadium, but a 26.2-mile marathon course defies such amenities.
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