Geography

Geography
Area: 11,437 sq. km. (4,427 sq. mi.); about the size of Connecticut and Rhode Island combined.

Cities: Capital--Doha 1,100,000 (2010 est.). Other cities--Messaieed, Al-Khor, Dukhan, Ruwais. Terrain: Mostly desert, flat, rocky, barren. Climate: Hot and humid in summer, with a mild winter.

 

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Qatari(s).
Population (May 2010 est.): 1,725,000; males 1,292,025 (74.9%); females 432,975 (25.1%).
Population growth rate (May 2010 est.): 9.6%.
Ethnic groups: Qatari (Arab) 15%; other Arab 13%; Indian 24%; Nepali 16%; Filipino 11%; Sri Lankan 5%; Bangladesh: 5%; Pakistani 4%; other: 7%.
Religion: Islam (state religion, claimed by virtually all of the indigenous population).
Languages: Arabic (official); English (widely spoken).
Education: Compulsory--ages 6-16. Attendance--98%. 

Literacy (2004 est.)--89% total population, 89.1% male, 88.6% female.
Health (2008 est.): Infant mortality rate--17.46/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--74.14 years.
Work force (2011): 1,280,000. Private sector84.9%; mixed sector—9.3%; government--5.8%.

Economy
GDP (2010 est.): $129 billion.
Real growth rate (2010 est.): 17%.
Per capita income (2010): $138,000.
Natural resources: Natural gas, petroleum, fish.
Agriculture: Accounts for less than 2% of GDP. Products--fruits and vegetables (most food is imported).
Industry: Types--oil production and refining and natural gas development (56% of GDP), mining, manufacturing, construction, and power.
Trade (2010 est.): Exports--$72 billion, principally gas and derivatives 43% and petroleum 37%. Partners (2005)-- Japan 30.3%, South Korea 13.1%, India 8%, Singapore 7.7%, UK 4.2% Imports--$21 billion, principally consumer goods, machinery, food. Partners (2010)-- US 15.5%, Germany 9%, UAE 7.3%, South Korea 6.5%, UK 6.1%, Japan 5.6%, Saudi Arabia 5.4%, Italy 5.3%, France 4.5%, China 4.2% (2010)

 

 

Government

Government
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Independence: September 3, 1971.
Constitution: Approved by popular vote 2003; came into force June 2005.
Branches: Executive--Council of Ministers. Legislative--Advisory Council (currently appointed pending elections in 2013; has assumed only limited responsibility to date).Judicial--independent.
Subdivisions: Fully centralized government; seven municipalities.
Political parties: None.
Suffrage: Universal over age 18, since 1999.

 

 

Qatar

Michel Platini Is Detained in France Over Qatar World Cup Vote (Tue, 18 Jun 2019)
Investigators were also said to have questioned the former European soccer president about the awarding of the 2016 European championship to France.
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I Met the Taliban. Women Were the First to Speak. (Tue, 04 Jun 2019)
The Taliban acknowledged that women will be able to study and work.
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Qatar May Buy Into English Team Leeds (Mon, 03 Jun 2019)
The gas-rich Gulf state has gained an outsized influence in global soccer, and the move for Leeds would be its first foray into English soccer.
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The Most Powerful Arab Ruler Isn’t M.B.S. It’s M.B.Z. (Sun, 02 Jun 2019)
Prince Mohammed bin Zayed expanded the U.A.E.’s power by following America’s lead. He now has an increasingly bellicose agenda of his own. And President Trump seems to be following him.
>> Read more

Qatari Executive Is Charged With Corruption in I.A.A.F. Scandal (Wed, 22 May 2019)
Yousef al-Obaidly, chief of the beIN Media Group, was accused of making a payoff to secure hosting rights for the track and field world championships.
>> Read more

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