Geography

Geography
Area: 11,437 sq. km. (4,427 sq. mi.); about the size of Connecticut and Rhode Island combined.

Cities: Capital--Doha 1,100,000 (2010 est.). Other cities--Messaieed, Al-Khor, Dukhan, Ruwais. Terrain: Mostly desert, flat, rocky, barren. Climate: Hot and humid in summer, with a mild winter.

 

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Qatari(s).
Population (May 2010 est.): 1,725,000; males 1,292,025 (74.9%); females 432,975 (25.1%).
Population growth rate (May 2010 est.): 9.6%.
Ethnic groups: Qatari (Arab) 15%; other Arab 13%; Indian 24%; Nepali 16%; Filipino 11%; Sri Lankan 5%; Bangladesh: 5%; Pakistani 4%; other: 7%.
Religion: Islam (state religion, claimed by virtually all of the indigenous population).
Languages: Arabic (official); English (widely spoken).
Education: Compulsory--ages 6-16. Attendance--98%. 

Literacy (2004 est.)--89% total population, 89.1% male, 88.6% female.
Health (2008 est.): Infant mortality rate--17.46/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--74.14 years.
Work force (2011): 1,280,000. Private sector84.9%; mixed sector—9.3%; government--5.8%.

Economy
GDP (2010 est.): $129 billion.
Real growth rate (2010 est.): 17%.
Per capita income (2010): $138,000.
Natural resources: Natural gas, petroleum, fish.
Agriculture: Accounts for less than 2% of GDP. Products--fruits and vegetables (most food is imported).
Industry: Types--oil production and refining and natural gas development (56% of GDP), mining, manufacturing, construction, and power.
Trade (2010 est.): Exports--$72 billion, principally gas and derivatives 43% and petroleum 37%. Partners (2005)-- Japan 30.3%, South Korea 13.1%, India 8%, Singapore 7.7%, UK 4.2% Imports--$21 billion, principally consumer goods, machinery, food. Partners (2010)-- US 15.5%, Germany 9%, UAE 7.3%, South Korea 6.5%, UK 6.1%, Japan 5.6%, Saudi Arabia 5.4%, Italy 5.3%, France 4.5%, China 4.2% (2010)

 

 

Government

Government
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Independence: September 3, 1971.
Constitution: Approved by popular vote 2003; came into force June 2005.
Branches: Executive--Council of Ministers. Legislative--Advisory Council (currently appointed pending elections in 2013; has assumed only limited responsibility to date).Judicial--independent.
Subdivisions: Fully centralized government; seven municipalities.
Political parties: None.
Suffrage: Universal over age 18, since 1999.

 

 

Qatar

Qatar and Exxon Mobil Plan $10 Billion Gas Investment in Texas (Tue, 05 Feb 2019)
The move would give Qatar better access to Latin American markets and strengthen its relationship with the Trump administration two years into a dispute with Saudi Arabia.
>> Read more

Qatar Beats Japan to Win Asian Cup (Fri, 01 Feb 2019)
Qatar, which will host the 2022 World Cup, claimed its first major soccer championship with a 3-1 victory over Japan in Abu Dhabi.
>> Read more

Ahead of Qatar World Cup, a Gulf Feud Plays Out in the Shadows (Fri, 01 Feb 2019)
Public relations consultants, Gulf financing and whispered tips: Leaked emails and documents offer a window into a behind-the-scenes campaign to sabotage the 2022 World Cup.
>> Read more

U.A.E. Accuses Qatar of Fielding Ineligible Players at Asian Cup (Thu, 31 Jan 2019)
Beaten on the field by Qatar, the United Arab Emirates has asked Asian Cup organizers to investigate its rival’s leading scorer, Almoez Ali, and another player.
>> Read more

U.S. and Taliban Make Headway in Talks for Withdrawal From Afghanistan (Thu, 24 Jan 2019)
Negotiators are making headway on an agreement in which the U.S. would withdraw its forces and the Taliban would pledge not to offer a haven to terrorists.
>> Read more

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