Geography

Geography
Area: 11,437 sq. km. (4,427 sq. mi.); about the size of Connecticut and Rhode Island combined.

Cities: Capital--Doha 1,100,000 (2010 est.). Other cities--Messaieed, Al-Khor, Dukhan, Ruwais. Terrain: Mostly desert, flat, rocky, barren. Climate: Hot and humid in summer, with a mild winter.

 

 

 

People and Economy

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Qatari(s).
Population (May 2010 est.): 1,725,000; males 1,292,025 (74.9%); females 432,975 (25.1%).
Population growth rate (May 2010 est.): 9.6%.
Ethnic groups: Qatari (Arab) 15%; other Arab 13%; Indian 24%; Nepali 16%; Filipino 11%; Sri Lankan 5%; Bangladesh: 5%; Pakistani 4%; other: 7%.
Religion: Islam (state religion, claimed by virtually all of the indigenous population).
Languages: Arabic (official); English (widely spoken).
Education: Compulsory--ages 6-16. Attendance--98%. 

Literacy (2004 est.)--89% total population, 89.1% male, 88.6% female.
Health (2008 est.): Infant mortality rate--17.46/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--74.14 years.
Work force (2011): 1,280,000. Private sector84.9%; mixed sector—9.3%; government--5.8%.

Economy
GDP (2010 est.): $129 billion.
Real growth rate (2010 est.): 17%.
Per capita income (2010): $138,000.
Natural resources: Natural gas, petroleum, fish.
Agriculture: Accounts for less than 2% of GDP. Products--fruits and vegetables (most food is imported).
Industry: Types--oil production and refining and natural gas development (56% of GDP), mining, manufacturing, construction, and power.
Trade (2010 est.): Exports--$72 billion, principally gas and derivatives 43% and petroleum 37%. Partners (2005)-- Japan 30.3%, South Korea 13.1%, India 8%, Singapore 7.7%, UK 4.2% Imports--$21 billion, principally consumer goods, machinery, food. Partners (2010)-- US 15.5%, Germany 9%, UAE 7.3%, South Korea 6.5%, UK 6.1%, Japan 5.6%, Saudi Arabia 5.4%, Italy 5.3%, France 4.5%, China 4.2% (2010)

 

 

Government

Government
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Independence: September 3, 1971.
Constitution: Approved by popular vote 2003; came into force June 2005.
Branches: Executive--Council of Ministers. Legislative--Advisory Council (currently appointed pending elections in 2013; has assumed only limited responsibility to date).Judicial--independent.
Subdivisions: Fully centralized government; seven municipalities.
Political parties: None.
Suffrage: Universal over age 18, since 1999.

 

 

Qatar

Taliban Test Afghan and U.S. Resolve in Talks by Attacking a City (Mon, 12 Oct 2020)
The insurgents have opened an offensive against the capital of Helmand Province even as their negotiators remain at the table in Qatar.
>> Read more

Whose Islam? The New Battle for Afghanistan (Fri, 02 Oct 2020)
Finding common ground on the role of Islam is the most decisive task in the peace talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government.
>> Read more

Violent Attacks Plague Afghanistan as Peace Talks in Doha Slow (Sat, 19 Sep 2020)
More than a dozen civilians are feared dead in an airstrike, as talks go on to finalize rules for negotiations.
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U.S. Orders Al Jazeera Affiliate to Register as Foreign Agent (Tue, 15 Sep 2020)
The Justice Department says AJ+, a media outlet backed by the royal family of Qatar, engages in “political activities.”
>> Read more

To Get to Afghan Talks, Lots of Last-Minute Deals — and Nose Swabs (Tue, 15 Sep 2020)
Months of delays over issues as big as prisoner swaps and as small as haircuts, with extra coronavirus complications, made the Afghan flight to meet the Taliban no sure bet.
>> Read more

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