TArea: 17,820 sq. km. (6,880 sq. mi.); approximately the size of the State of New Jersey. Cities: Capital--Kuwait City. Terrain: Almost entirely flat desert plain (highest elevation point--306 m). Climate: Summers are intensely hot and dry with average highs ranging from 42o-49oC (108o-120oF); winters are short (Dec.-Feb.) and cool, averaging 10o-30oC (50o-80oF), with limited rain.his is a text! You can edit, move, copy or delete it.



People and Economy

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Kuwaiti(s).
Population (PACI 2011.): 3,632,009 including approximately 1.16 million Kuwaiti citizens, 2.47 million non-Kuwaiti nationals, and 100,000 stateless persons.
Annual population growth rate (2011 est.): 2%.
Ethnic groups: Kuwaiti 32%, other Arab 27%, South Asian 37%, other 4%.
Religion: Muslim estimated 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30% among Kuwaitis), with sizable Hindu, Christian, and Buddhist communities.
Languages: Arabic (official), English is widely spoken.
Education: Compulsory from ages 6-14; free at all levels for Kuwaitis, including higher education. Adult literacy (age 15 and over)--93.3% for the total population (male 94.4%, female 91%) (2009 ).
Health: Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--8.97 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2009 est.)--76.51 yrs. male, 78.96 yrs. female.
Work force (2009 est.): 2.091 million (75% male, 25% female; 20% Kuwaiti citizens).

GDP (official exchange rate, 2011 est.): $130 billion.
Real GDP growth rate (2010 est.): 4.4%.
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, fish.
Agriculture & fishing (about 8.02% of GDP): With the exception of fish, most food is imported. Cultivated land--1%.
Oil & Gas (about 43.35% of GDP): Types--petroleum extraction and refining, fertilizer, chemicals, desalination, construction materials, Manufacturing (about 5.14% of GDP), Financial institutions (about 13.49% of GDP)
Services (about 30% of GDP): public administration, finance, real estate, trade, hotels, and restaurants.
Trade (2010 est.): Exports--$65.98 billion f.o.b.: oil (93%). Major markets--Japan 17%, South Korea 18.8%, India 15.1%, U.S. 7.6%, Singapore 8.1%, China 12.9%, Taiwan 11.9%.Imports--$19.4 billion f.o.b.: food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing. Major suppliers--U.S. 10.8%, Japan 7.2%, Germany 7.6%, China 12%, Saudi Arabia 5.9%, Italy 4.4%, U.K. 3.2%, India 5.4%, UAE 4.2%, South Korea 4.2% (2009).

*Facts and Data Courtesy US Government.


Type: Constitutional hereditary emirate.
Independence: June 19, 1961 (from U.K.).
Constitution: Approved and promulgated November 11, 1962.
Branches: Executive--Amir (head of state); prime minister (head of government); Council of Ministers (cabinet) is appointed by prime minister and approved by the Amir. Legislative--unicameral National Assembly (Majlis al-'Umma) of 50 elected members who serve 4-year terms plus all ministers, who serve as ex officio members. Judicial--High Court of Appeal.
Administrative subdivisions: Six governorates (muhafazat): Al 'Asimah, Hawalli, Al Ahmadi, Al Jahra', Mubarak Al-Kebir, and Al Farwaniyah.
Political parties: None; formal political parties have no legal status, although de facto political blocs exist.
Elections: There are no executive branch elections; the Amir is hereditary; prime minister and crown prince are appointed by the Amir. National Assembly elections will be held on February 2, 2012. Municipal council elections were held on June 25, 2009.
Suffrage: Adult males and since May 16, 2005, adult females who are 21, have been citizens for 20 years, and are not in the security forces. In June 2006, women participated as voters and candidates in parliamentary elections for the first time.



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