Geography

Area: 89,342 sq. km. (34,495 sq. mi.). Cities: Capital--Amman (pop. 2.5 million). Other cities--az-Zarqa (472,830), Irbid (272,681), al-'Aqaba (107,115).

 

 

People and Economy

PEOPLE

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Jordanian(s).
Population (2011 estimate): 6.51 million.
Religions (2001 census est.): Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6%, other 2%.
Languages: Arabic (official), English.
Education (2007, according to Jordan's Department of Statistics): Literacy--92.1%.
Health (2007): Infant mortality rate--20/1,000. Life expectancy--71.6 years male; 74.4 years female.
Ethnic groups: Mostly Arab but small communities of Circassians, Armenians, and Chechens.
Work force (1.8 million, of which 313,000 are registered guest workers): services 34%, manufacturing 20%, public sector 19%, education 12%, health and social services 11%, agriculture 3%.
Unemployment rate (2008): 13% of economically active Jordanians.

ECONOMY

Nominal GDP (2014): $21.92 billion.
Annual real growth rate (2014): 3.2%.
Per capita GDP (2014): $4,700.
Natural resources: Phosphate, potash.
Agriculture (3.01% of GDP in 2009): Products--citrus, tomatoes, cucumbers, olives, sheep, poultry, stone fruits, strawberries, melons, dairy. Land--4.5% arable; 2.5% cultivated.
Industry (15.95% of GDP in 2009): Types--clothing, phosphate mining, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, potash, inorganic chemicals, and light manufacturing.
Trade: Exports (2009)--$7.54 billion: garments, fertilizers, potash, phosphates, pharmaceutical products and vegetables. Major markets--India, U.S., Iraq, Saudi Arabia, EU, U.A.E., Syria, Israel. Imports (2009)--$16.12 billion: crude petroleum and derivatives, machinery and equipment, vehicles, iron, and cereals. Major suppliers--Saudi Arabia (mainly crude oil and derivatives), EU, China, U.S., Egypt, South Korea, Japan, Turkey.

 

 

Government

Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Independence: May 25, 1946.
Constitution: January 8, 1952; amended October 1, 2011.
Branches: Executive--King (chief of state), Prime Minister (head of government), Council of Ministers (cabinet). Legislative--bicameral parliament (appointed upper house known as the Senate, elected lower house). Judicial--civil, religious, special courts.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Administrative subdivisions: Twelve governorates--Irbid, Jarash, Ajloun, al-'Aqaba, Madaba, al-Mafraq, az-Zarqa, Amman, al-Balqa, al-Karak, at-Tafilah, and Ma'an.

 

 

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